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Idaho Court Records and Court System Information

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Idaho, like most states, has a multifaceted court structure that serves its citizens’ criminal and civil court needs. Unlike many states, however, the Oregon court system’s Web site also recognizes Native American tribal courts that have jurisdiction within the state’s boundaries.

Idaho's Supreme Court

The Idaho Supreme Court is the state’s top appellate court. It includes a chief justice (presently Daniel T. Eismann) and four other justices who are elected on nonpartisan, statewide ballots to serve terms of six years.

The Supreme Court employs an administrative director of the courts, who is supervised by the chief justice and whose duties include acting as the public information officer for the court.

Supreme Court justices hear cases appealed from the District Court level and from the Idaho Public Utilities Commission and the state Industrial Commission. The court can assign cases to be heard first by the Idaho Court of Appeals, except for capital murder convictions and appeals from the aforementioned state administrative commissions; those appeals all go directly before the Supreme Court justices.

The justices also have original jurisdiction to hear claims against the state, and to issue writs of review, mandamus, prohibition and habeas corpus, and all writs necessary for the complete exercise of its appellate jurisdiction.

For the convenience of the state’s citizens, the Idaho Supreme Court is one of the few “circuit riding” supreme courts in the country. That means its justices do not always convene in the state capital, but rather will travel the state to hear cases in Boise, Coeur d’Alene, Moscow, Lewiston, Pocatello, Rexburg, Idaho Falls, Caldwell and Twin Falls.

The court system Web site has separate archives for civil appeal opinions and criminal appeal opinions issued by the Supreme Court, and for case orders, which are disposition of cases that do not result in published opinions. Appeals of all kinds also can be searched. The court’s calendar and audio of recent oral arguments also are available online.

Idaho's Court of Appeals

The Idaho Court of Appeals is a small, three-member panel. As of August 2007, the court is composed of Chief Judge Darrel R. Perry, Judge Karen L. Lansing, and Judge Sergio A. Gutierrez.

The Court of Appeals has appellate authority over cases arising from District Court and assigned to it by the Supreme Court. The appeals first go to the high court, which then determines which will be heard by the Court of Appeals, although the Supreme Court does not have the option to assign capital murder appeals and appeals from the Idaho Public Utilities Commission and the state Industrial Commission to the Court of Appeals.

Most appeals are heard in Boise, but, like the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals also will sometimes convene in Coeur d’Alene, Moscow, Idaho Falls, Pocatello, Twin Falls and Lewiston.

The court system Web site has separate archives for civil appeal opinions and criminal appeal opinions issued by the Court of Appeals. Appeals of both kinds also can be searched. The Court of Appeals’ calendar also is online.

Idaho's District Court

The state of Idaho is divided into seven judicial districts, each with its own administrative judge who is chosen for the post by the district’s other judges. Each county has a District Court, which includes a Magistrate Division. Each District Court also has its own set of rules. There are 41 district judges and 87 magistrate judges in the state.

District Court has jurisdiction over felony criminal cases and civil actions if the amount involved is valued at more than $10,000. District judges also have appellate jurisdiction over decisions made in the Magistrate Division. The Magistrate Division hears probate matters, divorces, juvenile proceedings, initial felony proceedings through preliminary hearing, criminal misdemeanors, minor infractions, civil cases valued at less than $10,000, and cases from Small Claims Court that are worth $4,000 or less.

Idaho’s seven judicial districts include: 

  • First District: Benewah, Bonner, Boundary, Kootenai and Shoshone counties.
  • Second District: Clearwater, Idaho, Latah, Lewis and Nez Perce counties.
  • Third District: Adams, Canyon, Gem, Owyhee, Payette and Washington counties.
  • Fourth District: Ada, Boise, Elmore and Valley counties
  • Fifth District: Blaine, Camas, Cassia, Gooding, Jerome, Lincoln, Minidoka and Twin Falls counties.
  • Sixth District: Bannock, Bear Lake, Caribou, Franklin, Oneida and Power counties.
  • Seventh District: Bingham, Bonneville, Butte, Clark, Custer, Fremont, Jefferson, Lemhi, Madison and Teton counties.

Miscellaneous and Problem-Solving Courts throughout Idaho:

As of January 2007, Idaho has established 47 Drug and Mental Health courts. That includes 15 adult drug courts, 11 adult mental health courts, eight misdemeanor/DUI courts, three other DUI courts, eight juvenile drug courts and two family dependency treatment courts. An online map is provided to help locate the appropriate court.

A listing of Drug Court judges is available, as well.

A page of contacts and services for Idahoans who find themselves in Family Court settings are available online. Links to contacts and information about the Youth Court process of District Court are available, as well.

Idaho's Tribal Courts

Idaho’s court system Web site includes a link to the Tribal/State Court Forum, a potentially valuable resource for those who find themselves facing a tribal court.

Links are available to information about courts operated by the Coeur d’Alene Tribe, Kootenai Tribe of Idaho, Nez Perce Tribe, Shoshone-Bannock Tribes and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes.

Further valuable information can also be found about these tribes at their official Web sites:

Online Idaho Court Web Sites
Idaho Judicial Branch

U.S. District Court and Bankruptcy Court - District of Idaho

Idaho Supreme Court - Search Appellate Court Filings for 2007 and 2006

Idaho Supreme Court Opinions - Search civil opinions, criminal appeals and case orders for Idaho.

Idaho State Judiciary Search - Search court rules as well as court of appeals and supreme court opinions.

State of Idaho County Courthouses - County Courthouse Directory with contact information and phone numbers for all county courthouses.

Idaho Family Court Services - Find family court services coordinators by district and district court phone numbers and addresses.

Idaho Drug Court and Mental Health Court Website - Information on the drug and mental health courts of the seven districts in Idaho with links to useful drug court documents and information.

Idaho Clerk of the Court - Search the Reporter's Transcripts Online Report

Idaho Self-Help - Search public information on self-representation in Idaho courts.

Idaho Court Forms - Search court forms, applications, rosters and rules.

Idaho County Courthouses, Addresses and Phone Numbers

Ada County
650 Main St.
Boise, ID 83702-0877

Telephone: (208) 364-2223

Adams County
P.O. Box 48
Council, ID 83612-0048

Telephone: (208) 253-4561

Bannock County
624 E. Center, Room 211
Pocatello, ID 83201

Telephone: (208) 236-7340

Bear Lake County
P.O. Box 190
Paris, ID 83261-0190

Telephone: (208) 945-2212

Benewah County
701 College Ave.
Saint Maries, ID 83861

Telephone: (208) 245-3212

Bingham County
P.O. Box 1028
Blackfoot, ID 83221-1028

Blaine County
206 First Ave. S., Suite 200
Hailey, ID 83333-0400

Telephone: (208) 788-5505

Boise County
P.O. Box BC
Idaho City, ID 83631-0157

Telephone: (208) 392-4431

Bonner County
215 S. 1st Ave.
Sandpoint, ID 83864

Telephone: (208) 265-1432

Bonneville County
605 N. Capitol
Idaho Falls, ID 83402-3582

Telephone: (208) 529-1350

Boundary County
P.O. Box 419
Bonners Ferry, ID 83805-0419

Telephone: (208) 267-2242

Butte County
P.O. Box 737
Arco, ID 83213-0737

Telephone: (208) 527-3021

Camas County
P.O. Box 430
Fairfield, ID 83327-0430

Telephone: (208) 764-2242

Canyon County Recorder
1115 Albany St.
Caldwell, ID 83605-3542

Telephone: (208) 454-7555

Caribou County
P.O. Box 775
Soda Springs, ID 83276-0775

Telephone: (208) 547-4324

Cassia County
1459 Overland, Rm. 105
Burley, ID 83318

Telephone: (208) 678-5240

Clark County
P.O. Box 205
Dubois, ID 83423-0205

Telephone: (208) 374-5304

Clearwater County
P.O. Box 586
Orofino, ID 83544-0586

Telephone: (208) 476-5615

Custer County
P.O. Box 385
Challis, ID 83226-0385

Telephone: (208) 879-2360

Elmore County
150 S. 4th East St., Suite 3
Mountain Home, ID 83647-3028

Telephone: (208) 587-2130

Franklin County
39 W. Oneida St.
Preston, ID 83263-1234

Telephone: (208) 852-1090

Fremont County
151 W. 1st North
Saint Anthony, ID 83445

Telephone: (208) 624-7332

Gem County
415 E. Main St., Rm 202
Emmett, ID 83617-3049

Telephone: (208) 365-4561


Gooding County
P.O. Box 417
Gooding, ID 83330-0417

Telephone: (208) 934-4221

Idaho County
320 W. Main St., Room 5
Grangeville, ID 83530-1992

Telephone: (208) 983-2751

Jefferson County
P.O. Box 275
Rigby, ID 83442-0275

Telephone: (208) 745-7756

Jerome County
300 N. Lincoln Ave., Room 302
Jerome, ID 83338-2344

Telephone: (208) 324-8811

Kootenai County
P.O. Box 9000
Coeur d'Alene, ID 83816-9000

Telephone: (208) 769-4400

Latah County
P.O. Box 8068
Moscow, ID 83843-0568

Telephone: (208) 882-8580

Lemhi County
206 Courthouse Dr.
Salmon, ID 83467-3943

Telephone: (208) 756-2815

Lewis County
P.O. Box 39
Nezperce, ID 83543-0039

Telephone: (208) 937-2661

Lincoln County
Drawer A
Shoshone, ID 83352

Telephone: (208) 886-7641

Madison County
P.O. Box 389
Rexburg, ID 83440-0389

Telephone: (208) 356-3662

Minidoka County
P.O. Box 474
Rupert, ID 83350-0474

Telephone: (208) 436-9511

Nez Perce County
P.O. Box 896
Lewiston, ID 83501-0896

Telephone: (208) 799-3021

Oneida County
10 Court St.
Malad City, ID 83252

Telephone: (208) 766-4116

Owyhee County
P.O. Box 128
Murphy, ID 83650-0128

Telephone: (208) 495-2421

Payette County
P.O. Drawer D
Payette, ID 83661

Telephone: (208) 642-6000

Power County
543 Bannock Ave.
American Falls, ID 83211-1200

Telephone: (208) 226-7611

Shoshone County
700 Bank St., Suite 120
Wallace, ID 83873

Telephone: (208) 752-1264

Teton County
89 N. Main St., Rm. 1
Driggs, ID 83422

Telephone: (208) 354-2905

Twin Falls County
P.O. Box 126
Twin Falls, ID 83301

Telephone: (208) 736-4004

Valley County
P.O. Box 737
Cascade, ID 83611-0737

Telephone: (208) 382-4297

Washington County
P.O. Box 670
Weiser, ID 83672-0670

Telephone: (208) 549-2092


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