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Minnesota maintains one of the most extensive and diverse court systems in the United States. Its courtrooms range from courts of more general jurisdiction, such as District Court, to highly specialized courts dealing only with workers’ compensation or tax cases.

Minnesota's Supreme Court

The Minnesota Supreme Court, the highest court in the state, is described as “the final guardian of the state constitution.” It interprets and applies the U.S. Constitution, as well.

Chief among the Supreme Court’s roles is serving as Minnesota’s top appellate court. The court receives appeals from the Minnesota Court of Appeals, but also hears cases appealed from the Workers’ Compensation Court of Appeals and the Minnesota Tax Court. The Supreme Court directly receives first-degree murder appeals and attorney or judge disciplinary cases rising from the Lawyers Professional Responsibility Board and the Board on Judicial Standards.

Outside the courtroom, the Supreme Court is responsible for overseeing that the wheels of justice turn smoothly statewide. It is the overseer of the lower court systems in the state, regulates the practice of law in Minnesota, and makes recommendations for improvement of the judicial system.

The court has seven justices, led by Chief Justice Russell A. Anderson. Justices are elected to six-year terms, and mid-term vacancies are filled by gubernatorial appointment.

Valuable Supreme Court resources online include oral arguments in streaming video, the court’s calendar, and its opinions.

Minnesota's Court of Appeals

To lighten the burden of the Minnesota Supreme Court, the Minnesota Court of Appeals was established and opened for business on Nov. 1, 1983, to provide Minnesotans a more prompt and deliberate review of appeals from the trial courts, state agencies and local governments.

Most appeals originating in Minnesota become the responsibility of the Court of Appeals. There are a few exceptions, with decisions by the Minnesota Tax Court and Workers’ Compensation Court of Appeals, first-degree murder cases, and statewide election contests going straight to the Supreme Court.

The Court of Appeals is an error-correcting court; it can reverse incorrect decisions made by lower courts and other bodies. By handling these cases promptly, the Court of Appeals allows the Supreme Court to focus on more difficult constitutional and public policy issues. The Court of Appeals’ decisions are final in about 95 percent of the 2,000 to 2,400 cases filed with the court annually, but about 5 percent are accepted by the Supreme Court for further review.

The Court of Appeals will issue a published, unpublished, or “order” opinion on every case it considers. Each judge participates in about 300 cases annually. By law, the opinion must be issued within 90 days of oral arguments or, if there were no oral arguments, within 90 days of the court’s scheduled conference date. The 90-day deadline is the shortest mandated appellate court timeframe in the nation. The court further expedites decisions on child custody, mental health commitments and other matters in which the parties request an accelerated response.

There are 16 judges at the Court of Appeals; they sit in three-judge panels and will travel to locations throughout Minnesota to hear oral arguments. The chief judge is presently Edward Toussaint Jr.

Oral arguments are open to the public, and the court’s calendar is published online.

MN District Courts

Minnesota maintains trial courts throughout its 87 counties. These courts are organized into 10 judicial districts.

Each county’s District Court is divided into numerous departments: Criminal and Civil courts; Family Court; juvenile Court; probate Court (for wills and estates); traffic and misdemeanor court; and Conciliation Court, for small claims of $7,500 or less. Specialty courts – or “problem-solving courts” – in some counties include Drug Court (19 of them statewide); two mental health courts; one truancy court in Blue Earth County; two community courts; and four teen courts.

District Court calendars are available online.

Minnesota Tax Court

Minnesota Tax Court is a specialized, executive branch court established by the state legislature specifically to hear only tax-related cases. The court’s mission is to provide timely and equitable disposition of appeals of orders issued by the Commissioner of Revenue and local property tax valuations, classifications, equalizations or exemptions.

All judges on the court have expertise in tax law and are asked to apply that expertise in a manner to assure that taxpayers are assessed only what they owe, and no more.

Although Tax Court is located in the Minnesota Judicial Center, its three judges travel throughout the state to conduct their trials.

The court’s decisions are searchable and links to information are provided for those litigants who wish to represent themselves, without a lawyer.

Workers’ Compensation Court of Appeals

The Workers’ Compensation Court of Appeals was established as an independent agency of the executive branch of the state. It consists of five judges appointed to six-year terms by the governor and affirmed by the state Senate. The governor designates one member of the panel as the chief judge; presently this is Thomas L. Johnson. The chief judge is responsible for administration of the court.

The WCCA, as it is known, has exclusive, statewide authority to review workers’ compensation decisions rendered by compensation judges at the Office of Administrative Hearings and certain cases decided by the Workers’ Compensation Division at the Department of Labor and Industry. A panel of three or five judges decides each appeal. A written decision must be issued within 90 days.

The court’s decisions can be appealed directly to the Minnesota Supreme Court.

Minnesota Online Court Web Sites and Public Record Databases

Minnesota State Court System

United States Bankruptcy Court - District of Minnesota

United States District Court - District of Minnesota

Minnesota Tax Court - Information on decisions, rules forms, pro se information and general information about the tax court.

Minnesota Judicial Branch Court Calendars - Search Supreme Court, Court of Appeals and District Courts.

Minnesota Workers' Compensation Court of Appeals - Search Workers' Compensation Decisions between 1995 and 2007.

Minnesota Court of Appeals - Find information on judges and search significant court of appeals decisions.

Minnesota Supreme Court - Search for oral arguments and find information on the justices and the Supreme Court in general.

Minnesota Self-Help Center - Search information on car title problems, name changes, criminal record expungement, divorce laws, judgments and landlord and tenant disputes.

Minnesota District Courts - District Maps with county lines for all 87 counties and 10 judicial districts.

Minnesota State Law Library - Search opinion archives and catalog.

Minnesota County Courthouses Phone Numbers and Addresses

Aitkin County
209 2nd St. NW
Aitkin, MN 56431

Telephone: (218) 927-7336

Anoka County
325 E. Main St.
Anoka, MN 55303-2483

Telephone: (612) 422-7350

Becker County
P.O. Box 595
Detroit Lakes, MN 56502

Telephone: (218) 846-7304

Beltrami County
619 Beltrami Ave. NW
Bemidji, MN 56601-3041

Telephone: (218) 759-4170

Benton County
P.O. Box 189
Foley, MN 56329-0129

Telephone: (320) 968-5000

Big Stone County
P.O. Box 218
Ortonville, MN 56278

Telephone: (320) 839-2308

Blue Earth County
P.O. Box 3567
Mankato, MN 56002

Telephone: (507) 389-8222

Brown County
P.O. Box 248
New Ulm, MN 56073

Telephone: (507) 233-6660

Carlton County
P. O. Box 70
Carlton, MN 55718-0190

Telephone: (218) 384-4281

Carver County
600 E. 4th St.
Chaska, MN 55318-2158

Telephone: (612) 361-1933

Cass County
P.O. Box 3000
Walker, MN 56484-3000

Telephone: (218) 547-3300

Chippewa County
629 N. 11th St.
Montevideo, MN 56265

Telephone: (320) 269-9431

Chisago County
County Courthouse, Government Center, Room 277
313 N. Main
Center City, MN 55012

Telephone: (651) 257-1300

Clay County
P.O. Box 280
Moorhead, MN 56561

Telephone: (218) 299-5031

Clearwater County
213 Main Avenue North
Bagley, MN 56621

Telephone: (218) 694-6177

Cook County
P.O. Box 1150
Grand Marais, MN 55604

Telephone: (218) 387-3000

Cottonwood County
P.O. Box 326
Windom, MN 56101

Telephone: (507) 831-1458

Crow Wing County
P.O. Box 383
Brainerd, MN 56401-3590

Telephone: (218) 828-3965

Dakota County
1590 Hwy. 55
Hastings, MN 55033

Telephone: (651) 438-4355

Dodge County
P.O. Box 128
Mantorville, MN 55955-0128

Telephone: (507) 635-6250

Douglas County
305 8th Ave. W
Alexandria, MN 56308-1758

Telephone: (320) 762-2381

Fairbault County
P.O. Box 130
Blue Earth, MN 56013-0130

Telephone: (507) 526-6252

Fillmore County
P.O. Box 465
Preston, MN 55965

Telephone: (507) 765-2144

Freeborn County
411 S. Broadway Ave.
Albert Lea, MN 56007-4506

Telephone: (507) 377-5153

Goodhue County
P.O. Box 408
Red Wing, MN 55066-2525

Telephone: (651) 388-8261

Grant County
County Courthouse
10 2nd St., NE
Elbow Lake, MN 56531

Telephone: (218) 685-4133

Hennepin County
300 S. 6th St., Rm. 803A
Minneapolis, MN 55487-0083

Telephone: (612) 348-3051

Houston County
P.O. Box 29
Caledonia, MN 55921-0029

Telephone: (507) 724-5813

Hubbard County
301 Court St.
Park Rapids, MN 56470-1421

Telephone: (218) 732-3552

Isanti County
555 18th Ave. S.W.
Cambridge, MN 55008

Telephone: (612) 689-1191

Itasca County
123 N.E. 4th St.
Grand Rapids, MN 55744-2600

Telephone: (218) 327-2856

Jackson County
P.O. Box 209
Jackson, MN 56143-0209

Telephone: (507) 847-2580

Kanabec County
18 N. Vine St.
Mora, MN 55051-6446

Telephone: (320) 679-1441

Kandiyohi County
P.O. Box 736
Willmar, MN 56201-0736

Telephone: (320) 231-6223

Kittson County
P.O. Box 639
Hallock, MN 56728-0639

Telephone: (218) 843-2842

Koochiching County
County Courthouse
715 Forest St.
International Falls, MN 56649

Telephone: (218) 283-6290

Lac qui Parle County
P.O. Box 132
Madison, MN 56256-1132

Telephone: (320) 598-3724

Lake County
601 3rd Ave.
Two Harbors, MN 55616

Telephone: (218) 834-8347

Lake of the Woods County
P.O. Box 808
Baudette, MN 56623

Telephone: (218) 634-1902

Le Sueur County
88 S. Park Ave.
Le Center, MN 56057-0127

Telephone: (507) 357-2251

Lincoln County
P.O. Box 119
Ivanhoe, MN 56142

Telephone: (507) 694-1360

Lyon County
607 Main St. W
Marshall, MN 56258-3021

Telephone: (507) 537-6722

Mahnomen County
P.O. Box 380
Mahnomen, MN 56557-0080

Telephone: (218) 935-5528

Marshall County
208 E. Colbin Ave.
Warren, MN 56762

Telephone: (218) 745-4801


Martin County
P.O. Box 785
Fairmont, MN 56031-1845

Telephone: (507) 238-3213

McLeod County
830 11th St. E
Glencoe, MN 55336-2216

Telephone: (320) 864-5551

Meeker County
325 N. Sibley
Litchfield, MN 55355-0881

Telephone: (320) 693-5440

Mille Lacs County
635 2nd St. S.E.
Milaca, MN 56353

Telephone: (320) 983-8308

Morrison County
213 S.E. 1st Ave.
Little Falls, MN 56345

Telephone: (612) 632-2941

Mower County
201 1st St. N.E.
Austin, MN 55912

Telephone: (507) 437-9446

Murray County
P.O. Box 57
Slayton, MN 56172

Telephone: (507) 836-6148

Nicollet County
501 S. Minnesota Ave.
Saint Peter, MN 56082-0493

Telephone: (507) 931-6800

Nobles County
P.O. Box 757
Worthington, MN 56187-0757

Telephone: (507) 372-8236

Nerman County
P.O. Box 146
Ada, MN 56510-0146

Telephone: (218) 784-4422

Olmsted County
151 4th St., S.E.
Rochester, MN 55904-3717

Telephone: (507) 285-8046

Otter Tail County
121 W. Junius Ave.
Fergus Falls, MN 56537

Telephone: (218) 739-2271

Pennington County
P.O. Box 616
Thief River Falls, MN 56701

Telephone: (218) 681-2522

Pine County
County Courthouse
315 6th St., Suite 3
Pine City, MN 55063

Telephone: (320) 629-6781

Pipestone County
416 S. Hiawatha Ave.
Pipestone, MN 56164-0335

Telephone: (507) 825-4646

Polk County
P.O. Box 397
Crookston, MN 56716

Telephone: (218) 281-3464

Pope County
130 E. Minnesota Ave.
Glenwood, MN 56334-1628

Telephone: (320) 634-5723

Ramsey County
50 W. Kellog Blvd., Suite 812
Saint Paul, MN 55102-1690

Telephone: (651) 266-2060

Red Lake County
P.O. Box 3
Red Lake Falls, MN 56750-0003

Telephone: (218) 253-2997

Redwood County
P.O. Box 130
Redwood Falls, MN 56283-0130

Telephone: (507) 637-8330

Renville County
500 E. DePue Ave.
Olivia, MN 56277

Telephone: (320) 523-3669

Rice County
320 N.W. 3rd St., Suite 10
Fairbault, MN 55021-5146

Telephone: (507) 332-6114

Rock County
P.O. Box 509
Luverne, MN 56156

Telephone: (507) 283-9177

Roseau County
606 5th Ave. S.W., Room 170
Roseau, MN 56751

Telephone: (218) 463-2061

Saint Louis County
P.O. Box 157
Duluth, MN 55801-0157

Telephone: (218) 726-2677

Scott County
428 S. Holmes St.
Shakopee, MN 55379

Telephone: (612) 445-7750

Sherburne County
13880 Hwy. 10
Elk River, MN 55330-1692

Telephone: (612) 241-2860

Sibley County
P.O. Box 44
Gaylord, MN 55334

Telephone: (507) 237-4080

Stearns County
705 Courthouse Square, Room 131
Saint Cloud, MN 56303-4781

Telephone: (320) 656-3855

Steele County
P.O. Box 890
Owatonna, MN 55060-3052

Telephone: (507) 451-8040

Stevens County
P.O. Box 530
Morris, MN 56267-0530

Telephone: (320) 589-7414

Swift County
P.O. Box 246
Benson, MN 56215-0110

Telephone: (320) 843-3377

Todd County
215 1st Ave. S
Long Prairie, MN 56347-1351

Telephone: (320) 732-4428

Taverse County
P.O. Box 487
Wheaton, MN 56296

Telephone: (320) 563-4622

Wabasha County
625 Jefferson Ave.
Wabasha, MN 55981-1577

Telephone: (651) 565-3623

Wadena County
P.O. Box 415
Wadena, MN 56482

Telephone: (218) 631-2362

Waseca County
307 N. State St.
Waseca, MN 56093

Telephone: (507) 835-0670

Washington County
P.O. Box 6
Stillwater, MN 55082-0006

Telephone: (651) 439-3220

Watonwan County
P.O. Box 518
Saint James, MN 56081-0518

Telephone: (507) 375-1236

Wilkin County
P.O. Box 29
Breckenridge, MN 56520-0029

Telephone: (218) 643-4012

Winona County
171 W. 3rd St.
Winona, MN 55987-3192

Telephone: (507) 457-6340

Wright County
124 Lake Blvd.
Buffalo, MN 55313-1196

Telephone: (612) 682-3900

Yellow Medicine County
415 9th Ave.
Granite Falls, MN 56241-1367

Telephone: (320) 564-2529

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